Nils Christian Holm
November 10, 2020
It's about action now: not in 2025
The world is facing a climate emergency. While climate related targets are set with a 20+ year timeframe, businesses are already being impacted today by climate change. It’s clear that businesses must adapt now: not only to provide the best possible chance of reaching zero carbon targets, but also to ensure they remain successful and profitable in a climate-impacted world
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is high on the agenda as part of the solution to the world’s climate issues. There is general agreement globally that it will be required to meet the carbon emission reduction targets and the global warming mitigation aspirations of the Paris Agreement. Also in Denmark, the government has high expectations for CCS and anticipates a potential reduction of 4-9 million tonnes per year by 2030.
The Danish Waste Association has drawn up a strategy to make the Danish waste-toenergy sector carbon neutral by 2030 and for the sector to produce negative emissions beyond that. CCS is a major part of this strategy. A study carried out by Ramboll for the Danish Waste Association concludes that capturing CO2 from Danish waste-to-energy facilities is technically feasible, economically attractive and a realistic solution.
For transport and storage, there are many benefits of economies of scale. Ramboll has in various studies analysed the savings achieved by establishing a joint pipeline system for CO2 transport. By way of example it is noted that if the amount of CO2 is increased from 1 to 3 million tonnes, the cost per tonne transported in pipelines decreases by 50%, and if the CO2 is transported by ship to Norway, the North Sea or the UK, the cost decreases by 25%.
In Copenhagen, a new carbon capture partnership – Carbon Capture Cluster Copenhagen (C4) – was recently formed for the purpose of building up, sharing and exploiting knowledge about carbon capture and mapping the possibilities of joint solutions. The C4 partnership includes Denmark’s three largest waste-to-energy plants, two energy utilities, two district energy networks, two port operators and a wastewater utility (ARC, Vestforbrænding, ARGO, Hofor, Ørsted, VEKS, CTR, Copenhagen Malmö port and Biofos).
The partners in the cluster will potentially be able to capture up to 3 million tonnes of CO2 from their facilities annually, corresponding to 15% of the Danish CO2 reduction target of 70% by 2030.
A political strategy for CCS in Denmark is underway and expected to be presented by the Danish government before the summer. It should ensure good framework conditions for large investments in carbon capture.
“It only makes sense for waste-to-energy plants to invest in the technology if there is an offtaker for the carbon captured afterwards. Likewise, nobody will invest in the required transport and storage if the delivery of CO2 is not guaranteed. It is a chicken and egg situation,” says Nils Chr. Holm, who also emphasises that it is now urgent to determine who should be responsible for storage and for transport by ship and in pipelines.
Want to know more?
Nils Christian Holm
Global Spearhead Director
+45 51 61 86 48
As if three scopes for greenhouse-gas emissions were not enough, conversations around scope 4 are beginning to pick up. In this article, our expert Laura Bowler gives you a crash course on these ‘newer’ emissions and helps you understand if they are right for your company.
The UK is starting to experience more extreme weather that climate science has been saying for decades, but now it is becoming more prevalent. Continuing to break new record temperatures, we must face the reality that our homes and buildings need to be better-equipped to mitigate sweltering temperatures. Our expert Andrew Mather shares ways to adapt homes and buildings.