Scandinavia: a role model
"One of the reasons why Scandinavia is a role model is probably that the gap between rich and poor is small – and that people are happy at all levels of society. The happiness index shows that the Nordic countries are at the very top. People trust each other and expect that cities will be designed sustainably. We are aware of the importance of maintaining positive urban development – and we can help other cities to do the same," said Lars Ostenfeld Riemann, Director of Buildings in Ramboll.
Ramboll has helped to define many of the sustainable attributes of Copenhagen, Stockholm and Oslo, and we are involved in several master planning initiatives including Nordhavnen and Carlsberg in Copenhagen.
These experiences have been applied further afield, for instance at Chicago Lakeside in USA, where Ramboll developed concepts for district heating and cooling as well as waste and water.
More and more complex
“It is difficult to simply copy the Scandinavian model abroad,” explained Lars Ostenfeld Riemann. “Cultural elements vary from city to city as the populations live in very different ways. It is therefore important to understand the cultural elements and preferences, and together with architects, create a logical master plan.”
“Master planning has become an increasingly complex multidisciplinary task. Today, education, social life, and the healthiness are all taken into consideration. There is also an economic component. Instead of looking at the individual buildings, master planning is thought of as an economic investment for society. Models are changing from being based on costs and revenues to also taking softer values into account,” added Lars Ostenfeld Riemann.