Besides using 3D models to perform calculations, they are also used as a means for communication, and provide engineers, architects and building owners with a shared image of the completed building.
3D models may be used as a kind of jigsaw puzzle to get an overview of the outer shapes and inner rooms, architecture, structures and installations, and to evaluate where to place cables and piping for water, electricity and drains.
3D models save time
Architects also use 3D models to produce almost life-like renderings of the completed building. They can be used to simulate evacuation procedures in case of fire - just as lighting designers and acoustic engineers in Ramboll use the models to perform analyses.
According to Hans Exner, one of the advantages of using 3D models is saving time and minimising mistakes:
"To manufacture some of the advanced steel structures for the concert house in Iceland, 3D models were sent to China. This meant significantly fewer misunderstandings and reduced time consumption than sending 2D drawings back and forth with further descriptions."
Ramboll has headed all engineering disciplines and collaborated with Henning Larsen Architects, the artist Olafur Eliasson, the Icelandic contractor IAV, local Icelandic architects and contractors as well as the American-based company Artec Sound as acoustical consultant.