African transition to green growth
The African Development Bank is focusing more strongly on air pollution. As part of the bank’s 10-year strategy to facilitate Africa’s gradual transition to green growth, the bank has awarded Ramboll a contract for transport emission mapping and monitoring as well as capacity building in five cities.
Although indoor air pollution is the greatest problem, vehicle emissions are also steadily climbing, driven by urban sprawl, rapid motorisation and low levels of institutional capacity to manage traffic and its impacts. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) estimates that vehicle emissions account for 90% of urban air pollution in developing countries.
The main objective of the African Development Bank project is to advise city authorities and policy-makers on efficient and accurate methods for collecting, storing and analysing data as well as mapping air pollution levels in cities and, to identify options for financing low-emission transport technologies. The project will cover the cities of Abidjan in the Ivory Coast, Yaoundé in Cameroon, Dar es Salaam in Tanzania, Lusaka in Zambia, and Rabat in Morocco, which will be hosting the UN’s COP22 Climate Change Conference 2016. The ambition is to implement the project results throughout Africa.
“This represents a significant step forward for further developing air quality services on the African continent,” says Frederic Pradelle, who heads Ramboll’s air quality division in France and is managing the project.
In addition to the assistance of Ramboll France, Ramboll Management Consulting in Denmark will provide cost-benefit expertise, and specialists from a Finnish transport team will also be involved.
Rebecca Garland thinks the project is promising.
“It sounds like a step in the right direction, as the underlying data for generating emission inventories to then feed into air quality models is often missing,” she says.